Located in the centre of Europe is the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg functioning as one of the world’s leading financial hubs with innovative industries while fascinating people with the Medieval-fairly-tale landscape. Here presents a special article featuring the artistic cultures of the prospering country.
Cambodia is a country in Southeast Asia with famous breathtaking temples, the buildings with beautiful towering spires, and charming classical dance. But sadly, when Pol Pot and his communist Khmer Rouge movement ruled this country from 1975 to 1979, nearly two million of Cambodia’s six million population were killed. Today, Cambodia still struggles to overcome its dark history. In fact, Cambodia draws millions of tourists by Angkor Wat - one of the Seven Wonders of the World.
Indonesia is comprised of more than 17,500 islands and is home to more than 230 million people contained in more than 350 ethno-linguistic groups. It is not only the world’s largest tropical archipelago nation but also the globe’s most varied tourist destination with distinctive beaches, mountains, lakes, forests, flora and fauna, rich and diverse in history, traditions, culture and cuisine. Bali has often been ranked by travel magazines as one of the most famous tourist destinations in the world, and yet it is only one of the thousands of breathtaking islands to be found in the Indonesian archipelago. Other popular islands include Java, Sumatra, Kalimantan(Borneo), Sulawesi, Papua, Nusa Tenggara and Maluku to name only a few, and in each location visitors can expect a warm welcome and genuine hospitality. Bahasa Indonesia is Indonesia’s national language, but many Indonesians also speak English.
Bangladesh is located in the Ganges delta and it is an agricultural country which is full of water and greenery. It is home to a population of about 150 million people in a land area with a size of only about 40% of Japan and one
of the countries which has the highest population density in the world. Even though it is one of the poorest countries and it frequently suffers from natural disasters such as flood and cyclone, the growth rate is as high as 6% per annum. Japan is one of the largest aid donors.
The history extends far back into the mists of time, and a variety of ethnic groups as well as kingdoms rose and fell. After going through the colonial domination by England in the 17 century, and being divided and ruled by
East and West Pakistan which was associated with the independence of India, it became independent in 1971.
About 90% of its nationals are Muslims. The Bengal region which includes a part of west India is also in the same cultural area. This country, which has a variety of ethnic groups, history and cultural buckhounds, founded Asian Art Biennale Bangladesh which is the oldest international exhibition in Asia and has continued from 1981 （10 years after the independence） till now. The cultural position is clearly stated in the country’s political beliefs.
Because there is a great gap between the rich and the poor, the middle and high class people support a world of fine art while the average people who are the majority of the population are engaged in dance, songs, poems and
plays etc which develops rich and energetic expression based on the farm villages and cities. It involves not only making goods but also food culture.
— Translated from the pamphlet of SETOUCHI TRIENNALE 2013, Bangladesh Project
Arts and Architecture
Speckled with numerous exemplary works of art and architecture, Kathmandu Valley stands a testimony to ancient Nepal's inclination toward the aesthetics. Several monuments in the Valley have been listed by UNESCO as World Heritage Sites. Lumbini, the birthplace of Lord Buddha, is the only World Heritage Site outside the Valley in South Nepal.
Like architecture, most artwork of Nepal is based on religion. Artworks range from the famous Buddhist Thanka and Newari Paubha paintings to the traditional crafts of woodwork and metal. Other art include literature, theater, music and dance, mirroring the different stages of Nepali society. Nepali art has been deeply influenced by religion since very early times. Early art of Nepal can be seen as stone sculpture and temple architecture. Other art include Newari Paubha and Tibetan Thanaka paintings, wood and metal crafts, ceramics and clay pots, textiles, paper, Tibetan carpet, music and literature. Contemporary Nepal art represents two distinct segments, traditional idealistic paintings and the contemporary western style works. The contem-porary painting is specially noted for either nature based composi-tions or compositions based on Tantric elements or social themes. Nepali painters have also earned international reputation for abstract works based on these themes.Kathmandu Valley houses a number of museums and art galleries displaying art work of the past and present. — Sonam Sherpa